Do u know about income tax authorities

Do u know about income-tax authorities

Introduction – For the purpose of implementation of income-tax act successfully and efficient adminstration of income-tax  department . certain income -tax authorities have been appointed by the center government .in this topic appiontment of various income-tax authority and  their rights have been discussed.


Type of income-tax authorities

Two type of authorities have been appointed under income- tax act:

  1.  Executive authorities
  2. Judicial authorities ,                                                                                                                                                                                                     Executive authority help in implementation the provisions of income-tax act effectively and in execution other adminstrative work successfully ,while the judicial  authorities are appionted  to settle the work related to appeal.

Various income -tax authorities                                          (section.116)

Various  types of authorities have been mentioned is section 116 of income -tax act ,there  is a long list of both type  of authorities – executive and judicial.the list can be put in the following points :

1: – Central board of direct taxes ,

2:- Principal director general of income-tax or principal chief commissioners of income-tax

3:- Director general of income-tax or chief commissiner  of income-tax

4:- Principal director of income-tax  or principal chief commissioner of income-tax

5:- Pirectors of income-tax commissioner of income tax (appeals)

6:- Additional director of income tax or  additional  commissioner of income-tax(appeals)

7:- Joint director of income-tax of income-tax or joint commissioner of income-tax

8:- Deputy director of income-tax or deputy commissioner of income-tax (appeals)

9:-  Asstt. director of income-tax or asstt. commissioner of income-tax

10:- Income-tax officers

11:- Tax recovery officers

12:- income-tax inspector

Do u know about income tax authorities

Provisions of income-tax act regarding income-tax authorities

These provisions can be divided into four groups :

(A) Provisions regarding appointment and control of authorities ,

(B) Provisions regarding jurisdiction of authorities .

(C) Provisions regarding powers of authorities .

(D)provision regarding disclosure of informations.

(A)>   provisions regarding appointment and control of authorities

1:- Appointment  of income-tax authorities                                                                                                 (section:117)

Appointment by central government .Any person may be appointment by the  central government to work as income-tax officer who is fit and eligible in the eyes of central government .

The appointment  of members of central board of direct taxes is also done by central  government . if central government thinks suitable it may be  authorised  the C.B.D.T or principal director or chief commissioner of income-tax to appoint general director/chief commissioner/assistant commissioner /deputy commissioner /other subordinate authorities .all the rules and regulations shall be followed framed by central government in this connection to appoint these officers .

 2:-Control on income-tax authorities                                                                                                               (section:118)

all the income-tax authorities are controlled through .central board of direct taxes board can declare to be a subordinate of any  authority by issuing a notifications .

3:-Instructions to subordinate authorities                                                                                                        (section:119)

central board of direct taxes can authorities  to issue such instructions to execute  the act properly and effectively  .the income-tax authorities will have to follow these instructions  . the board may issue certain instructions regarding  assessment and recovery of tax .


(B)>provision regarding jurisdiction of authorities


The jurisdiction of the income-tax  authorities may be explained in the following point:

*Income-tax authorities can use all those rights foe which they have been instructed by central board of direct taxes .

*The board may authorities any authority to issue instructions in writing to his subordinated for the duties to be performed by them.

*the boaed may issue instructions to assessing officers jointly to settle certain cases of any special field .

*The board may issue any notification relating to filing the return of income-tax jurisdiction of any authority.

*The board may require two or more assessing officers (whether or not of the same class) to exercise and perform concurrently , the power and functions in respect of any area or classes of cases .

note:     Any income-tax authority being an authority higher in rank may exercise the power and perform the functions of the income-tax authority lower in rink , if it is so directed by the board 


CHANGE OF INCUMBENT OF AN OFFICER                                                                                                                                                                section:(129)

Whenever in respect  of any proceeding under this act an income-tax authorities ceases to exercise jurisdiction and is succeeded by another who has and exercises jurisdiction income-tax authority so succeeding may continue the proceeding from the stage at which the proceeding was left  by his predecessor  . provided that the concerned assessee  may demand that before the proceeding it so continued the previous proceeding  or any part  thereof be reopened or that before any order of assessment is passed against him,he should be givin opportunity of being  reheard.


(C) >provision regarding powers or authorities

Generally any income-tax authorities has the following powers:

*Power relating to discovery and production of evidence.

*Power of search and seizure.

*Power to call books of accounting .

*Power to collect prescribed information :

(A):  The prescribed income-tax may for the purpose of verification of information relating to any person issue a notice to such a person requiring him on or before a date to be specified therein to furnish information or documents  verified in the  manner specified therein which may be useful or relevant to any inquiry or proceeing  under this act. (

(B):   Where any information or any document  has received in response to a notice issued under  sub-sections  (1)  the presribed  income-tax authority may process such  information   or document and make avaialable   the outcome of such processing to the assessing officer .



This  board  was established in 1963 by central government. this board  function under ministry of finance ,government of india . income-tax ,wealth-tax, expenditure-tax and administration  and control of other direct taxes comes under the purview of board of direct taxes.

Central board of direct taxes in the highest authority of income-tax department .it works under ministry of finance govt. of india  At present there are five members in it and one of them is the chairman of the board. the appointment of all the members  are made by central government.



Being a highest body the board has full power to control and administration of income-tax department  .according to income tax act ,the following powers are given to the board .

*Control on authorities . The board by issue of notification can decide that who will  remain under the control of whom authorities .

*Right of appointment.  Board can appoint income-tax officers but such appointment should be authorised by the central government.                                                                                                                                                                          (section:117(2))

*To give right of appointment.  the board can give right to any income-tax authorities  to appoint necessary staff to complete his work efficiently .

*Right for authorisation .

(A) . Board can authorise chief director or director to do the work of any income-tax officers which is handed over by board .

(B). Board can direct the income-tax officers to do the work of another subordinate or other authority.

 (C).  Board has a right to issue orders to two or more officers to work together .

*Right to frame rule section(295).   as regards income-tax low , the board has a right to frame the rule to whole or a part of india . these rules are to be approved by the parliament.

*Explanation of information regarding assessees sections:(138).   in the public interest if board thinks fit may provide information regarding tax fee foreign exchange about assesee so that officer may do his work efficiently.



*Right of appointment .   director general  /director can appoint income-tax officers below the rank of asstt. director provide they  are authorised by central govt.

*Right of transfer  the cases.    director general /director can transfer any case  to his subordinate one officer.

*Right  to issue direction .       they can issue the necessary instructions to income tax (section :119(2)).

*Right to issue order of re-assessment. 

*Right to rafity  of stopping tax recovery .

*Right of revision on order of assessing offers .

*Right  to reduce or exempt penalty /interest. 

*Right to approve of property .


*Right to call information .                                                            (section:133)

*Right to investigate.                                                                        ( section:135)



These are mainly officers of administration .chief commissioner of income-tax are appointed   by central government . these are subordinate authorities of C.B.D.T.their jurisdiction of work is determined  by board . they have to work according to orders ,

instructions and suggestions of the board .

POWERS OF CHIEF COMMISSIONER OR COMMISSIONER      all the powers of director general are given to chief commissioner .(see heading powers to director general. ) 



they are appointment by the central govt. they work under the control of commissioner /director and their jurisdiction  is decide by the commissioner .there are many deputy commissioner under one commissioner                                                                                                                  

 ……………THE  END………….